To determine the epidemiological, clinical and pathological factors that can potentially predict extracapsular extension of prostate cancer in patients undergoing radical prostatectomy for clinically localized disease.
We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of patients who undergone radical prostatectomy from January 2001 until November 2010. Patients age, prostate volume, PSA, PSA density, percent of cancer in prostate biopsy material, presence of cancer in biopsy cores of the right lobe or the left lobe or both lobes, Gleason summary, 1st Gleason pattern and 2nd Gleason pattern were analyzed for their predictive ability. From 187 studied patients, 44 of them (23.5%) had extracapsular disease. Multivariate analyses revealed that smaller prostate volumes and the presence of malignancy in both lobes after prostate biopsy were significant predictors for non-organ confined disease in the total population and in patients with Gleason score ≥ 7. Presence of malignancy in both lobes was the only significant predictive factor in patients with PSA ≤ 10 and in those with Gleason score ≤ 6. Prostate volume and positive cores for malignancy from both lobes after prostate biopsy are preoperative data that can be used for prediction of extracapsular disease. This information can be valuable in cases a nerve sparing radical prostatectomy is planned.
Sfoungaristos S, Perimenis P. Are you the author?
Department of Urology, University Hospital of Patras, Patras, Greece.
Reference: Prague Med Rep. 2012;113(1):5-15.