Obesity-related systemic factors promote an invasive phenotype in prostate cancer cells - Abstract

Background:Obesity is associated with larger tumors, shorter time to PSA failure, and higher Gleason scores.

However, the mechanism(s) by which obesity promotes aggressive prostate cancer remains unknown. We hypothesize that circulating factors related to obesity promote prostate cancer progression by modulating components of the metastatic cascade.

Methods: Male C57BL/6 mice (6 weeks) were fed an ad libitum diet-induced obesity (60% fat) or control diet (10% fat) for 12 weeks. Serum was collected, metabolic and inflammatory proteins were measured by an antibody array. Sera were used to measure, in vitro, characteristics of a metastatic phenotype.

Results: Comparable to obese men, obese sera contained higher levels or leptin, vascular endothelial growth factor, PAI-1, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and lower levels of testosterone. In prostate cells, serum was used to assess: proliferation, invasion, migration, epithelial-mesenchymal-transition (EMT) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity. LNCaP and PacMetUT1 cells exposed to obese sera increased proliferation, whereas PrEC and DU145 were unaffected. LNCaP, PacMetUT1 and DU145 cancer cells exposed to obese sera resulted in increased invasion, migration and MMP-9 activity. Prostate cancer cells exposed to obese sera showed increased vimentin, dispersion of e-cadherin and β-catenin from the plasma membrane.

Conclusion: We report, prostate cancer cells exposed to sera from obese mice increases proliferation, invasion, migration, MMP activity and induces changes in proteins critical for EMT.

Written by:
Price RS, Cavazos DA, De Angel RE, Hursting SD, Degraffenried LA. Are you the author?
Department of Nutritional Sciences, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.

Reference: Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2012 Feb 14. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1038/pcan.2011.54

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 22333686