Long-term outcomes of open radical retropubic prostatectomy for clinically localized prostate cancer in the prostate-specific antigen era - Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine long-term oncological outcomes and complication rates for patients with clinically organ confined prostate adenocarcinoma (PCa) treated with open radical retropubic prostatectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection (RRP/PLND) in the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) era.

METHODS: Outcomes data were obtained from a prospectively maintained prostate cancer database. Patients with cT1/cT2 PCa undergoing RRP/PLND without neoadjuvant therapy between July 1988 and June 2008 were included. Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional regression models were used to evaluate factors influencing biochemical recurrence, clinical recurrence, and overall survival (OS).

RESULTS: A total of 2487 patients met inclusion criteria, and median follow-up was 7.2 years (range 1-21 years). Of the patients, 49.7% were low risk, 33.2% intermediate risk, and 16.1% high risk by D'Amico criteria, and 6% were LN+. The 10-year biochemical recurrence-free survival (BCRFS) for low-, intermediate-, and high-risk patients was 92%, 83%, and 76%, respectively (P < .001), and 10 year OS was 91%, 83%, and 74%, respectively (P < .001). BCRFS at 10 years was 76% and 88% for patients with positive and negative margins, respectively (P < .001). Of the 2487 patients, 11% developed BCR, and 3.7% experienced CR, with 9 local recurrences. The overall complication rate was 2.3%, and the cancer specific mortality rate was 2%.

CONCLUSION: D'Amico risk group, margin status, and LN status are significantly correlated with outcomes in patients undergoing RRP/PLND for clinically localized PCa. Local recurrence and death from prostate cancer are rare in patients undergoing open RRP/PLND for clinically organ confined disease in the PSA era.

Written by:
Dorin RP, Daneshmand S, Lassoff MA, Cai J, Skinner DG, Lieskovsky G.   Are you the author?
USC Institute of Urology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California.

Reference: Urology. 2012 Jan 12. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2011.09.051

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 22245303

UroToday.com Prostate Cancer Section