Association of 5α-reductase inhibitor use and pathological features of prostate cancer in men undergoing radical prostatectomy - Abstract

Department of Urology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea.


We investigated the association of 5α-reductase inhibitor (5-ARI) treatment with pathologic and biochemical outcome among the contemporary prostate cancer (PCa) patients undergoing radical prostatectomy.

We reviewed records of 1,204 men who underwent radical prostatectomy from 2003 to 2010. We estimated association of 5-ARI use with high (≥7) pathologic Gleason score and pathologically nonorgan-confined disease (≥pT3) via logistic regression, and biochemical outcome via Cox proportional hazards regression.

Of 1,204 patients, 50 (4.2%) reported having history 5-ARI treatment before radical prostatectomy. Median duration of 5-ARI treatment among the 50 patients was 23.0 months. When adjusted for various factors including age, body mass index, prostate-specific antigen, clinical stage, biopsy Gleason, and prostate volume, history of 5-ARI treatment was revealed to be significantly associated with high (≥7) pathologic Gleason score (P = 0.015). Also, 5-ARI use was observed to significantly associated with higher rates of extraprostatic extension of tumor (P = 0.005) and seminal vesicle invasion (P = 0.003), respectively, when adjusted for same variables. However, 5-ARI use was not demonstrated to be a significant preoperative predictor of biochemical recurrence-free survival in multivariate analysis (P = 0.528).

Our results showed 5-ARI treatment may be associated with more aggressive PCa demonstrating higher pathologic Gleason score and advanced pathologic tumor stage in men undergoing radical prostatectomy. However, further investigations via larger-scale, prospective studies would be needed on the actual effect of 5-ARI treatment on PCa-specific morbidity and mortality.

Written by:
Hong SK, Oh JJ, Lee S, Lee HM, Byun SS, Choe G, Lee SE.   Are you the author?

Reference: Prostate. 2011 Dec 7. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1002/pros.22468

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 22161951 Prostate Cancer Section