Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Ave, New York, NY 10065, USA.
Selecting the "optimal therapy" for the patient with localized prostate cancer may be one of the most challenging medical decisions facing the oncologist. Most patients will have a number of appropriate therapeutic options available to them. Before determining which therapy is most appropriate for a patient, a critical question which needs to be asked is whether any therapy is necessary, especially for those who present with early-stage, low-grade, low-volume disease. Furthermore, given the lack of randomized trials available to guide physicians regarding the superiority of one therapy over another, it is important to consider the different side-effect profiles relevant for each treatment modality. The potential toxicities of therapy impact quality-of-life outcomes and play an important role for most patients in their individual selection of a particular therapy. In addition, there are other important issues that need to be considered, which include the medical condition of the patient and emotional and psychological considerations, as well as family/peer viewpoints or perceived notions of a particular therapy. This review will discuss the relevant issues in the decision making and treatment selection for the patient.
Kollmeier MA, Zelefsky MJ. Are you the author?
Reference: Crit Rev Oncol Hematol. 2011 Dec 6. Epub ahead of print.