Department of Urology, University Hospital Munich-Grosshadern, Ludwig Maximilians University Munich, Munich, Germany.
Radical prostatectomy (RP) is curative for localized prostatic cancer. Incontinence after RP (P-RP-I) varies widely (2% to < 60%) according to the definition and quantification of incontinence, timing of evaluation, and who evaluates (physician or patient). Conservative treatments, including pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT), anal electrical stimulation (AES), lifestyle adjustment, or combination are usually recommended at first for P-RP-I.
Between January 2002 and December 2004, a total of 911 patients, median age 63years (46-78), with different grades of P-RP-I have been retrospectively examined for perioperative risk factors and effect of rehabilitation procedures. These consecutive patients were from 67 clinics with median postoperative interval of 26 days. Incontinence was graded by Stamey classification, number of used pads and pads' consistency (dry, lightly wet, and wet). Therapeutic measures were done by team of specialists in rehabilitation, psycho-oncology, physiotherapy, internal medicine, and urology.
Ninety-six percent of patients suffered different grades of incontinence at beginning of hospitalization. This was reported as Stamey first grade (49.4%), second grade (36.4%), and third grade (10.3%). Analysis included patients' age, body mass index (BMI), prostate volume, surgical approach, nerve sparing, pelvic lymphadenectomy, previous therapy, and catheterization time. Analysis showed age, nerve sparing, and BMI as significant risk factors for P-RP-I. Conservative therapy, including PFMT, AES, or combinations has been performed on all patients. Grade of P-RP-I showed significant improvement after 3weeks rehabilitation period.
Preoperative counseling of patients should provide them with realistic expectations for P-RP-I and motivate them to conservative therapy, as it reduces the duration and degree of urinary incontinence.
Khoder WY, Trottmann M, Stuber A, Stief CG, Becker AJ. Are you the author?
Reference: Urol Oncol. 2011 Nov 17. Epub ahead of print.