Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, United States.
It is widely believed that younger prostate cancer patients are at greater risk of recurrence following radiotherapy (RT).
From 1992 to 2007, 2168 (395 age ⩽ 60) men received conformal RT alone for prostate cancer at our institution (median dose=76Gy, range: 72-80). Multivariable analysis (MVA) was used to identify significant predictors for BF and PCSM. Cumulative incidence was estimated using the competing risk method (Fine and Gray) for BF (Phoenix definition) and PCSM to account for the competing risk of death.
With a median follow-up of 72.2months (range: 24.0-205.1), 8-year BF was 27.1% for age ⩽ 60 vs. 23.7% for age >60 (p=0.29). Eight-year PCSM was 3.0% for age ⩽ 60 vs. 2.0% for age >60 (p=0.52). MVA for BF identified initial PSA [adjusted HR=1.7 (PSA 10-20), 2.6 (PSA >20), p< 0.01], Gleason score [adjusted HR=2.1 (G7), 1.9 (G8-10), p< 0.01], T-stage [adjusted HR=1.7 (T2b-c), 2.6 (T3-4), p< 0.01], and initial androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) [adjusted HR=0.38 (ADT >12months), p< 0.01] as significant, but not age or ADT < 12months. MVA for PCSM identified Gleason score [adjusted HR=3.0 (G8-10), p=0.01] and T-stage [adjusted HR=8.7 (T3-4), p< 0.01] as significant, but not age, PSA, or ADT.
This is the largest, most mature study of younger men treated with RT for prostate cancer that confirms young age is not prognostic for BF.
Klayton TL, Ruth K, Horwitz EM, Uzzo RG, Kutikov A, Chen DY, Sobczak M, Buyyounouski MK. Are you the author?
Reference: Radiother Oncol. 2011 Aug 31. Epub ahead of print.