Long-term toxicity and quality of life up to 10 years after low-dose rate brachytherapy for prostate cancer - Abstract

Royal Surrey County Hospital - Department of Urology, St Luke's Cancer Centre - Department of Oncology, Guildford, Surrey, UK.


Study Type - Therapy (case series) Level of Evidence 4.

What's known on the subject? and What does the study add?  Prostate BXT is an established treatment option for low and intermediate risk localized prostate cancer. Long-term studies have confirmed similar oncological outcomes for low risk disease compared with radical prostatectomy and external beam radiotherapy. This study reports long-term toxicity for a large cohort of patients who had been followed-up after LDR BXT for up to 10 years, with a minimum follow-up of 5 years. Long-term toxicity results are very encouraging and provide useful date to help clinicians and patients make informed treatment choices.

To report on the long-term toxicity outcome for patients with prostate cancer treated by low-dose rate (LDR) brachytherapy (BXT).

The study population comprised a cohort of men treated in our centre between March 1999 and April 2004 with LDR BXT for prostate cancer who had at least 5 years of follow-up post-implant. Patients who had died or experienced biochemical failure were excluded.  We contacted eligible patients and asked them to complete a questionnaire to assess current urinary, erectile and bowel function.  Urinary and erectile function was compared pre- and post-treatment and outcomes were assessed by treatment modality.

Of the 226 LDR BXT-treated patients with >5 years of follow-up, 174 (77.0%) responded to the questionnaire.  The mean International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) increased from 6.70 pre-BXT to 7.91 at follow-up (P= 0.003). Of the patients with mild symptoms pre-BXT (IPSS, 0-7), 64.2% retained mild symptoms at follow-up, 31.2% developed moderate symptoms (IPSS, 8-9) and 4.6% reported severe symptoms (IPSS, 20-35).  A good or acceptable quality of life (QoL) secondary to urinary symptoms (IPSS QoL, 0-4) was reported by 98.0% of respondents. Of those patients potent (International Index of Erectile Function-5 ≥11) pre-BXT, 62.9% remained potent at follow-up. There were no differences in the proportion of patients who were potent when analyzed by the number of years post-implant.  At follow-up, 51.7% and 45.4% of patients, respectively, had normal or mild bowel symptoms as indicated by the European Organisation for the Research and Treatment of Cancer questionnaire (QLQ-C30/PR25 scores, 4-8). Moderate bowel symptoms (QLQ-C30/PR25 scores, 9-12) were reported by 2.9% of respondents; none reported severe symptoms.

The present study shows low morbidity after LDR BXT over the long-term for a large cohort of patients.

Written by:
Emara AM, Chadwick E, Nobes JP, Abdelbaky AM, Laing RW, Langley SE.   Are you the author?

Reference: BJU Int. 2011 Aug 19. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1111/j.1464-410X.2011.10460.x

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 21854533

UroToday.com Prostate Cancer Section



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