Predictors of fracture risk and bone mineral density in men with prostate cancer on androgen deprivation therapy - Abstract

Department of Medicine, University of Texas, Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA.


Decrease of bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture risk is increased in men with prostate cancer receiving androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). We looked at possible predictors of decreased BMD and increased fracture risk in men with prostate cancer; most of whom were on ADT. In a retrospective study, we analyzed serum, BMD, and clinical risk factors used in the Fracture Risk Assessment (FRAX) tool and others in 78 men with prostate cancer with reported height loss. The subjects were divided in two groups: 22 men with and 56 without vertebral fractures. 17 of the 22 men with vertebral fractures on spine X-rays did not know they had a vertebral fracture. Of those 17 men, 9 had not previously qualified for treatment based on preradiograph FRAX score calculated with BMD, and 6 based on FRAX calculated without BMD. Performing spine films increased the predictive ability of FRAX for vertebral fracture. Vertebral fracture was better predicted by FRAX for other osteoporotic fractures than FRAX for hip fractures. The inclusion of BMD in FRAX calculations did not affect the predictive ability of FRAX. The PSA level showed a positive correlation with lumbar spine BMD and accounted for about 9% of spine BMD.

Written by:
Neubecker K, Adams-Huet B, Farukhi IM, Delapena RC, Gruntmanis U.   Are you the author?

Reference: J Osteoporos. 2011;2011:924595.
doi: 10.4061/2011/924595

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 21826255 Prostate Cancer Section