Peritoneal dissemination with no further metastases of prostate cancer is very rare, with only three cases reported in the available literature.
We report the first case of iatrogenic peritoneal dissemination due to laparoscopic radical prostatectomy.
A 59-year-old Japanese man underwent laparoscopic radical prostatectomy for clinical T2bN0M0 prostate cancer, and the pathological diagnosis was pT3aN0 Gleason 3+4 adenocarcinoma with a negative surgical margin. Salvage radiation therapy was performed since his serum prostate-specific antigen remained at a measurable value. After the radiation, he underwent castration, followed by combined androgen blockade with estramustine phosphate and dexamethasone as each treatment was effective for only a few months to a year. Nine years after the laparoscopic radical prostatectomy, computed tomography revealed a peritoneal tumor, although no other organ metastasis had been identified until then. He died six months after the appearance of peritoneal metastasis. An autopsy demonstrated peritoneal dissemination of the prostate cancer without any other metastasis.
Physicians should take into account metastasis to unexpected sites. Furthermore, we suggest that meticulous care be taken not to disseminate cancer cells to the peritoneum during laparoscopic radical prostatectomy.
Hiyama Y, Kitamura H, Takahashi S, Masumori N, Shindo T, Tsujiwaki M, Mitsuhashi T, Hasegawa T, Tsukamoto T. Are you the author?
Reference: J Med Case Reports. 2011 Aug 5;5(1):355.