Urology Unit, Cannizzaro Hospital, Catania, Italy.
To evaluate if an inflammatory pattern at primary biopsy is associated with a lower risk for cancer in men submitted to repeated saturation prostate biopsy (SPBx).
From January 2005 to January 2010, 320 patients, after a negative primary extended biopsy (median 18 cores), underwent SPBx by transperineal approach performing 27 cores (median). 210 (65.6%) patients had a normal parenchyma and 110 had an inflammatory pattern (34.4%) at primary biopsy (none of them complained of symptoms suggesting a diagnosis of acute prostatitis at the time of biopsy). Moreover, median prostate-specific antigen and abnormal digital rectal examination was equal to 7.3 ng/ml and 3.6% versus 8.2 ng/ml and 3.8%, respectively.
Prostate cancer (PCa) was found in 66 (20.5%) of 320 patients. Of these, 42 (63.6%) and 24 (36.4%; p = 0.007) had a histological diagnosis of chronic prostatitis and normal parenchyma at primary biopsy, respectively.
An inflammatory pattern at primary biopsy is not associated with a decrease in PCa incidence at repeated SPBx; therefore, only an accurate clinical evaluation including more parameters (i.e. urinary PCA3) could hopefully select men who need to undergo rebiopsy in the presence of persistent suspicion of cancer.
Pepe P, Aragona F. Are you the author?
Reference: Urol Int. 2011 Jul 19. Epub ahead of print.