Health-related quality of life after salvage high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) treatment for locally radiorecurrent prostate cancer - Abstract

Department of Urology, Oslo University Hospital Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo National Resource Center for Late Effects, Department of Oncology, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.


To evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQOL) after salvage high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) for locally radiorecurrent prostate cancer (PCa).

Since June 2006 we have treated 61 patients consecutively by salvage HIFU. All patients were offered the University of California, Los Angeles Prostate Cancer Index (UCLA-PCI) questionnaire at baseline and at follow-up. Scores ranged from 0 (worst) to 100 (best). Clinically significant changes were defined as a minimum difference of 10 points between the baseline score and the score at follow-up.

Fifty-seven patients (93%) had evaluable data at baseline, compared with 46 (75%) after treatment. The mean time lapse between HIFU treatment and questionnaire response was 17.5 months (range 6-29 months). The mean score for urinary function decreased from 79.7 ± 12.1 prior to HIFU to 67.4 ± 17.8 after HIFU (P < 0.001). The mean score for sexual function decreased from 32.1 ± 24.1 prior to HIFU to 17.2 ± 17.0 after HIFU (P < 0.001). There were no significant effects on bowel function. There was a significant reduction in the mean score for Physical HRQOL, but the mean score for Mental HRQOL was did not change significantly.

Treatment of localized radiorecurrent PCa by salvage HIFU is associated with clinically significant reductions in urinary and sexual function domains after a mean follow-up of 17.5 months.

Written by:
Berge V, Baco E, Dahl AA, Karlsen SJ.   Are you the author?

Reference: Int J Urol. 2011 Jul 20. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1111/j.1442-2042.2011.02815.x

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 21771102 Prostate Cancer Section