Use of implanted markers and interportal adjustment with real-time tracking radiotherapy system to reduce intrafraction prostate motion - Abstract

Department of Radiation Medicine, Hokkaido University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.


Interportal adjustment was applied to patients with prostate cancer using three fiducial markers and two sets of fluoroscopy in a real-time tumor-tracking radiotherapy (RTRT) system. The incidence of table position adjustment required to keep intrafractional uncertainty within 2.0 mm was investigated in this study.

The coordinates of the center of gravity of the three fiducial markers were measured at the start of every portal irradiation in intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with seven ports. The table position was adjusted to the planned position if the discrepancy was larger than 2.0 mm in the anterior-posterior (AP), cranial-caudal (CC), or left-right (LR) directions. In total, we analyzed 4,541 observations in 20 patients who received 70 Gy in 30 fractions (7.6 times a day on average).

The incidence of table position adjustment at 10 minutes from the initial setup of each treatment was 14.2%, 12.3%, and 5.0% of the observations in the AP, CC, and LR directions, respectively. The accumulated incidence of the table position adjustment was significantly higher at 10 minutes than at 2 minutes for AP (p = 0.0033) and CC (p = 0.0110) but not LR (p = 0.4296). An adjustment greater than 5 mm was required at least once in the treatment period in 11 (55%) patients.

Interportal adjustment of table position was required in more than 10% of portal irradiations during the 10-minute period after initial setup to maintain treatment accuracy within 2.0 mm.

Written by:
Shimizu S, Osaka Y, Shinohara N, Sazawa A, Nishioka K, Suzuki R, Onimaru R, Shirato H.   Are you the author?

Reference: Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2011 Jun 8. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2011.04.043

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 21658857 Prostate Cancer Section