Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY, 10065, USA.
To assess the incremental value of diffusion-weighted (DW-MRI) and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) to T2-weighted MRI (T2WI) in detecting locally recurrent prostate cancer after radiotherapy.
Twenty-four patients (median age, 70 years) with a history of radiotherapy-treated prostate cancer underwent multi-parametric MRI (MP-MRI) and transrectal prostate biopsy. Two readers independently scored the likelihood of cancer on a 1-5 scale, using T2WI alone and then adding DW-MRI and DCE-MRI. Areas under receiver operating characteristic curves (AUCs) were estimated at the patient and prostate-side levels. The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) from DW-MRI and the K(trans), k(ep), v(e), AUGC90 and AUGC180 from DCE-MRI were recorded.
Biopsy was positive in 16/24 (67%) and negative in 8/24 (33%) patients. AUCs for readers 1 and 2 increased from 0.64 and 0.53 to 0.95 and 0.86 with MP-MRI, at the patient level, and from 0.73 and 0.66 to 0.90 and 0.79 with MP-MRI, at the prostate-side level (p values < 0.05). Biopsy-positive and biopsy-negative prostate sides differed significantly in median ADC [1.44 vs. 1.68 (×10(-3) mm(2)/s)], median K(trans) [1.07 vs. 0.34 (1/min)], and k(ep) [2.06 vs 1.0 (1/min)] (p values < 0.05).
MP-MRI was significantly more accurate than T2WI alone in detecting locally recurrent prostate cancer after radiotherapy.
Akin O, Gultekin DH, Vargas HA, Zheng J, Moskowitz C, Pei X, Sperling D, Schwartz LH, Hricak H, Zelefsky MJ. Are you the author?
Reference: Eur Radiol. 2011 May 1. Epub ahead of print.