Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA.
A single arm phase II trial of single-agent bortezomib (BZM) alone or combined with hormone blockade was conducted in patients with early PSA recurrence after definitive local therapy. The primary endpoint of this study was to determine the time to PSA relapse after BZM therapy alone or when BZM was combined with hormone blockade. The secondary endpoint was to determine the safety of combination therapy. Part A of the treatment schedule consisted of three cycles of BZM 1.3 mg/m2 IV given on days 1,4,8,11. If patients progressed on Part A, they were entered on Part B which consisted of a single dose of LH-RH antagonist, daily oral antiandrogen, and weekly BZM 1.3 mg/m2 for three out of four weeks for a total of three months. BZM treatment significantly decreased the slope of the log PSA (p=0.024) demonstrating that this agent alone was capable of slowing the rise of the PSA. Of eight patients treated with BZM alone five had stable disease, two progressed and 1 went off study secondary to toxicity. The major toxicity was neurotoxicity requiring discontinuation of therapy in three patients and treatment interruption in nine patients. Of those receiving Parts A and B or B only, there were 11 of 15 CRs with the average time to progression of 5.5 months. BZM treatment can change the slope of PSA rise and can be combined with hormone deprivation therapy without significant additional side effects; these agents are associated with a median time to CR of 42 days.
Kraft AS, Garrett-Mayer E, Wahlquist AE, Golshayan A, Chen CS, Butler W, Bearden J, Lilly M. Are you the author?
Reference: Cancer Biol Ther. 2011 Jul 15;12(2).