Department of Urology, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata, Ospedale Civile Maggiore, Verona, Italy.
To explore, in operated prostate cancer patients, functional relationships of total testosterone (tt) predicting free testosterone (ft) and total PSA.
128 operated prostate cancer patients were simultaneously investigated for tt, ft and PSA before surgery. Patients were not receiving 5α-reductase inihibitors, LH-releasing hormone analogues and testosterone replacement treatment. Scatter plots including ft and PSA versus tt were computed in order to assess the functional relationship of the variables. Linear regression analysis of tt predicting ft and PSA was computed.
tt was a significant predictor of the response variable (ft) and different subsets of the patient population were assessed according to the ft to tt ratio. PSA was related to tt according to a nonlinear law. tt was a significant predictor of PSA according to an inversely nonlinear law and different significant clusters of the patient population were assessed according to the different constant of proportionality computed from experimental data.
In our prostate cancer population, ft was significantly predicted by tt according to a linear law, and the ft/tt ratio was a significant parameter for assessing the different clusters. Also, tt was a significant variable predicting PSA by a nonlinear law and different clusters of the patient population were assessed by the different constants of proportionality. As a theory, we explain the nonlinear relation of tt in predicting PSA as follows: (a) the number of androgen-independent prostate cancer cells increases as tumor volume and PSA serum levels rise, (b) the prevalence of androgen-independent cells producing a substance which inhibits serum LH, and (c) as a result lower levels of serum tt are detected.
Porcaro AB, Petrozziello A, Migliorini F, Lacola V, Romano M, Sava T, Ghimenton C, Caruso B, Zecchini Antoniolli S, Rubilotta E, Monaco C, Comunale L. Are you the author?
Reference: Urol Int. 2011 Apr 20. Epub ahead of print.