Department of Radiological Sciences, Sapienza Rome University Policlinico Umberto I, Rome, Italy.Dr. Gian Maria Busetto, Department of Urology, Sapienza Rome University Policlinico Umberto I, Rome, Italy.
To compare the prostate antigen 3 (PCA3) test with (1)H-magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging ((1)H-MRSI) and dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCEMR) combined examination in the detection of prostate tumor foci in patients with persistently elevated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels and prior negative random transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided biopsy.
Forty-three patients with a first random biopsy negative for prostate adenocarcinoma, persistent elevated PSA and negative digital rectal examination were recruited. All the patients were submitted to MRSI examination (MRSI-DCEMR) and were submitted to an attentive prostate massage in order to perform PCA3 assay. Afterwards, 10-core laterally-directed random TRUS-guided prostate biopsy was performed.
The overall sensitivity and specificity of a PCA3 score ≥35 for positive biopsy were 76.9% and 66.6%, respectively, with a positive predictive value (PPV) of 80% and a negative predictive value (NPV) of 62.5%; as for MRSI sensitivity and specificity were, respectively, 92.8% and 86.6% with a PPV of 92.8% and a NPV of 86.6%. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis rates were 0.755 for PCA3 and 0.864 for MRSI.
Combined MRSI/DCEMR can better improve the cancer detection rate in patients with prior negative TRUS-guided biopsy and altered PSA serum levels than PCA3. Optimization of MRSI will allow more precise diagnosis of local invasion and improved bioptical procedures.
Panebianco V, Sciarra A, DE Berardinis E, Busetto GM, Lisi D, Buonocore V, Gentile V, DI Silverio F, Passariello R. Are you the author?
Reference: Anticancer Res. 2011 Apr;31(4):1399-405.