The clinical significance of in-depth pathological assessment of extraprostatic extension and margin status in radical prostatectomies for prostate cancer - Abstract

Department of Pathology, London Health Sciences Centre and University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.

 

Despite recent Level 1 evidence on the benefits of adjuvant radiotherapy for locally advanced prostate cancer (PCa), the timing and decision to administer adjuvant radiotherapy post-radical prostatectomy (post-RP) remains debatable, particularly for patients with focal extraprostatic extension (EPE) and/or focal positive surgical margins (PSMs). In this study, we assess the utility of detailed pathological assessment of EPE and PSM, as this may influence the criteria for instituting adjuvant radiotherapy. A total of 148 RP cases (1993-2001) were identified retrospectively as having EPE and/or PSM. All slides were re-reviewed, incorporating recent proposals by the Collage of American Pathologists (CAP) for the reporting of EPE and PSM, and correlated with clinical data. Both EPE and PSM were found to be independent predictors of biochemical failure (BCF); however, only EPE was associated with metastasis and death. BCF was also more likely to be associated with cases that had non-focal EPE than focal EPE. Similarly, non-focal PSM cases had a significantly higher risk of BCF than focal cases. Our study confirms the value of detailed pathological assessment of EPE and PSM post-RP. The results support the concept of selective adjuvant radiotherapy in patients with EPE and PSM, based on focality and extent.

Written by:
Chan SM, Garcia FJ, Chin JL, Moussa M, Gabril MY.   Are you the author?

Reference: Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2011 Apr 19. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1038/pcan.2011.15

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 21502968

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