Department of Radiology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto.
For men with clinically localized prostate cancer and candidates to receive radical prostatectomy (RP) a main concern is a cancer recurrence after treatment. Although previous studies have demonstrated the diagnostic utility of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for prostate cancer, the prognostic value of pretreatment DWI has not been investigated yet.
To investigate the incremental value of MRI-based T staging using DWI and T2-weighted imaging (T2WI) as compared with the clinical parameters in prediction of biochemical recurrence (BCR) after RP for clinically localized prostate cancer.
Sixty MR examinations, obtained before RP between April 2002 and March 2009, were retrospectively reviewed using T2WI alone, DWI alone, or T2WI + DWI for T staging according to the 2002 American Joint Committee on Cancer guidelines. The relationship between MRI stage and BCR was evaluated using Kaplan-Meier survival estimates. Multivariate analysis and receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis were used to investigate the incremental value over the standard clinical variables in prediction of BCR.
As of August 2009, 12 (20%) patients had BCR. Based on T2WI + DWI, both T3a (compared to OC disease) and T2 (compared to T1c) showed significantly higher BCR rates (p = 0.047 and 0.025, respectively). Multivariate analysis and area under ROC curve analysis confirmed the additional value of MRI staging to the conventional clinical variables in prediction of BCR.
The combination of T2WI and DWI on performing pretreatment MRI helped predict BCR after RP in clinically localized prostate cancer.
Nishida K, Yuen S, Kamoi K, Yamada K, Akazawa K, Ito H, Okihara K, Kawauchi A, Miki T, Nishimura T. Are you the author?
Reference: Acta Radiol. 2011 Feb 1;52(1):120-6.