Center for Prostate Cancer Branches, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Republic of Korea.
Prostate stem cell antigen has become a promising target as a potential biomarker for prostate cancer, but to our knowledge there are no reports of a genetic variation of the PSCA gene associated with prostate cancer risk. We determined the potential association between specific variations of the PSCA gene and prostate cancer in Korean men.
In this hospital based, case-control study 194 patients newly diagnosed with histologically confirmed prostate cancer were enrolled. Visitors for cancer screening served as healthy controls. We genotyped 12 PSCA gene single nucleotide polymorphisms in 194 cases and 169 healthy controls.
Men with the rs1045531 AA genotype were at higher risk for prostate cancer than those with the CC genotype. Individuals with the CCCAGGTACGG haplotype were at significantly increased risk for prostate cancer. When considering clinical factors, rs3736001, which is a nonsynonymous cDNA single nucleotide polymorphism (Glu39Lys), showed an association with prostate specific antigen 10 ng/ml or greater and prostate cancer risk.
Men with the rs1045531 AA genotype of PSCA were at higher risk for prostate cancer. On haplotype analysis CCCAGGTACGG and CGA haplotype carriers showed a significant association with prostate cancer risk. To our knowledge this is the first report of PSCA genetic variation associated with prostate cancer risk.
Joung JY, Lee YS, Park S, Yoon H, Lee SJ, Park WS, Seo HK, Chung J, Kim SY, Hong SH, Kim JS, Lee KH. Are you the author?
Reference: J Urol. 2011 Apr 14. Epub ahead of print.