Extended sampling at first biopsy improves cancer detection rate: Results of a prospective, randomized trial comparing 12 versus 18-core prostate biopsy - Abstract

Department of Urology, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City, Mexico.


We determined whether increasing the number of cores at first prostate biopsy would improve the cancer detection rate without increasing the detection of clinically insignificant tumors.

From January 2009 to January 2010 patients scheduled for prostate biopsy were randomized to 12 or 18-core sampling. Study inclusion criteria were 1) age 45 to 75 years, 2) abnormal digital rectal examination and/or prostate specific antigen 4 to 20 ng/ml, and 3) no previous biopsy. The primary end point was the cancer detection rate. Secondary end points were clinically insignificant cancer detection and morbidity.

A total of 150 patients were enrolled in the study. Preoperative variables were similar in the 2 groups of 75 patients each. Cancer was detected in 23 patients (30.7%) in group 1 and in 36 (48%) in group 2 (p = 0.02). More cases of insignificant cancer were detected in group 2 (p not significant). In men with prostate volume 65 cc or less the detection rate was 30.9% in group 1 and 52.8% in group 2 (p = 0.02). In men with prostate specific antigen 10 ng/ml or less the detection rate was 19.6% in group 1 and 38.4% in group 2 (p = 0.03). Two group 2 patients (5.5%) were diagnosed based on additional samples but the diagnosis corresponded to insignificant cancer. There was no statistically significant difference in morbidity.

The 18-core protocol improves prostate cancer detection without increasing morbidity. Results suggest that the 12-core biopsy protocol is adequate for prostate cancer detection at first biopsy.

Written by:
Rodríguez-Covarrubias F, González-Ramírez A, Aguilar-Davidov B, Castillejos-Molina R, Sotomayor M, Feria-Bernal G.   Are you the author?

Reference: J Urol. 2011 Apr 13. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2011.02.010

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 21496851

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