Department of Urology, Cochin Hospital, Paris Descartes University, Paris, France.
To study the staging accuracy of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients showing unilateral low-risk cancer on prostate biopsy. A total of 58 consecutive patients with low-risk cancer (D'Amico classification) and unilateral cancer involvement on prostate biopsies were included prospectively. All patients underwent multiparametric endorectal MRI before radical prostatectomy, including T2-weighted (T2W), diffusion-weighted (DW) and dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE) sequences. Each gland was divided in eight octants. Tumor foci >0.2 cm(3) identified on pathological analysis were matched with MRI findings. Pathological examination showed tumor foci >0.2 cm(3) in 50/58 glands (86%), and bilateral tumor (pathological stage≥pT2c) in 20/58 (34%). For tumor detection in the peripheral zone (PZ), T2W+DWI+DCE performed significantly better than T2W+DWI and T2W alone (P< 0.001). In the transition zone (TZ), only T2W+DWI performed better than T2W alone (P=0.02). With optimal MR combinations, tumor size was correctly estimated in 77% of tumor foci involving more than one octant. Bilateral tumors were detected in 80% (16/20) of cases. In patients with unilateral low-risk prostate cancer on biopsy, multiparametric MRI can help to predict bilateral involvement. Multiparametric MRI may therefore have a prognostic value and help to determine optimal treatment in such patients.
Delongchamps NB, Beuvon F, Eiss D, Flam T, Muradyan N, Zerbib M, Peyromaure M, Cornud F. Are you the author?
Reference: Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2011 Mar 22. Epub ahead of print.