Academic & Research, Urology, Medanta Institute of Kidney and Urology, Medanta - The Medicity, Gurgaon, Delhi NCR Department of Urology, AIIMS, New Delhi, India.
Study Type - Therapy (case series) Level of Evidence 4.
To critically analyze and compare surgical, oncological and functional outcomes of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) in patients with and without previous transurethral resection of prostate (TURP).
The study comprised 158 cases of RARP for clinically localized prostate cancer, including 26 cases that had undergone previous TURP (Group A). Surgical, oncological and functional (short- and intermediate-term) outcomes of Group A were compared with 132 cases without previous TURP (Group B).
Post TURP patients were found to have significantly greater blood loss (494 vs 324 mL) and a need for bladder neck reconstruction (26.7% vs 9.7%) compared to the non-TURP group. Surgical time (189 vs 166 min), conversion rate, margin positivity rate and biochemical recurrence rate were also higher. Incontinence rates were higher both at 6 (14% vs 11.8%) and 12 (25% vs 8%) months follow-up.
RARP is feasible but challenging after TURP. It entails a longer operating time, greater operative difficulty and compromised oncological or continence outcomes. These cases should be handled by an experienced robotic surgeon with the appropriate expertise.
Gupta NP, Singh P, Nayyar R. Are you the author?
Reference: BJU Int. 2011 Mar 10. Epub ahead of print.