Department of Urology, UZ Brussel, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Laarbeeklaan 101, 1090 Brussels, Belgium.
Prostate cancer is a frequently diagnosed male cancer. In men presenting locally advanced or metastatic disease, the mainstay of treatment is hormonal suppression. Despite the castrate levels of testosterone, with time, prostate cancer gradually evolves into a castration-refractory state. Chemotherapeutic agents are able to influence the natural history of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Docetaxel is a clinically relevant, FDA-approved taxane. Today, it is the first-line chemotherapeutic agent in castration-refractory prostate cancer (CRPC). There is no standard second-line chemotherapeutic regimen.
This review provides information on the efficacy of cabazitaxel as a second-line treatment for CRPC. The medline database was searched for clinical trials on chemotherapeutical treatment options of castration-resistant prostate cancer. All available data on the efficacy of cabazitaxel are summarized.
New treatment strategies for castration-resistant prostate cancer should primarily focus on quality of life. In this view, vaccination therapy seems promising because of the acceptable level of toxicity. However, more research is needed to prove their efficacy in the treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer. Cabazitaxel seems to be a promising second-line therapy in CRPC.
Michielsen DP, Braeckman JG, Denis L. Are you the author?
Reference: Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2011 Mar 15. Epub ahead of print.
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