Division of Medical Oncology, "Giovanni Borea" Hospital, Via Giovanni Borea n. 56, 18038, Sanremo, Imperia, Italy.
The results of cytotoxic therapy in the second-line setting of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer have demonstrated that disease is poorly controlled after taxane resistance with a time to progression of 3 months or less. Many trials of second-line chemotherapy have been disappointing. However, most of patients with docetaxel-pretreated castration-resistant disease receive a second-line chemotherapy. Molecular mechanism of castration resistance and docetaxel resistance is resumed, and clinical trials of second-line chemotherapy after docetaxel progression are reviewed. Reintroduction of docetaxel after a drug-free interval is an active treatment in docetaxel-pretreated patients, and only recently a prospective study documented a survival benefit of 2.4 months after second-line taxane-based chemotherapy of metastatic docetaxel-resistant prostate cancer. Although a second-line chemotherapy with a taxane could improve overall survival, a change of biology of castration-resistant prostate cancer after docetaxel is suggested, as inferred by the renewed hormonal sensitivity, whose role on survival remains unknown, and from the activity of antiangiogenic drugs.
Colloca G, Venturino A, Checcaglini F. Are you the author?
Reference: Med Oncol. 2011 Feb 20. Epub ahead of print.