Division of Surgery and Interventional Science, University College London, United Kingdom. Departments ofUrology, University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Clinical Effectiveness Unit, London, United Kingdom.
Men with localized prostate cancer currently face a number of treatment options that treat the entire prostate. These can cause significant sexual and urinary side effects. Focal therapy offers a novel strategy that targets the cancer rather than the prostate in an attempt to preserve tissue and function.
A prospective, ethics committee approved trial was conducted to determine the side effects of focal therapy using high intensity focused ultrasound. Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (T2-weighted, dynamic contrast enhanced, diffusion-weighted) and template transperineal prostate mapping biopsies were used to identify unilateral disease. Genitourinary side effects and quality of life outcomes were assessed using validated questionnaires. Posttreatment biopsies were performed at 6 months and followup was completed to 12 months.
A total of 20 men underwent high intensity focused ultrasound hemiablation. Mean age was 60.4 years (SD 5.4, range 50 to 70) with mean prostate specific antigen 7.3 ng/ml (SD 2.8, range 3.4 to 11.8). Of the men 25% had low risk and 75% had intermediate risk cancer. Return of erections sufficient for penetrative sex occurred in 95% of men (19 of 20). In addition, 90% of men (18 of 20) were pad-free, leak-free continent while 95% were pad-free. Mean prostate specific antigen decreased 80% to 1.5 ng/ml (SD 1.3) at 12 months. Of the men 89% (17 of 19, 1 refused biopsy) had no histological evidence of any cancer, and none had histological evidence of high volume or Gleason 7 or greater cancer in the treated lobe. In addition, 89% of men achieved the trifecta status of pad-free, leak-free continence, erections sufficient for intercourse and cancer control at 12 months.
Our results appear sufficiently promising to support the further evaluation of focal therapy as a strategy to decrease some of the harms and costs associated with standard whole gland treatments.
Ahmed HU, Freeman A, Kirkham A, Sahu M, Scott R, Allen C, Meulen JV, Emberton M. Are you the author?
Reference: J Urol. 2011 Feb 18. Epub ahead of print.