Department of Biotechnology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
To measure the concentration levels of free prostate-specific antigen (PSA) isoforms in patients with prostate cancer selected for curative treatment using radical prostatectomy and to study the association between the isoforms and the pathologic cancer stage and grade.
Preoperative plasma samples were obtained from 309 consecutive patients scheduled to undergo radical prostatectomy at Turku University Hospital. The pathologic TNM stage, Gleason score, and World Health Organization grade of the tumors were recorded. The total, free, and intact PSA (tPSA, fPSA, and fPSA-I, respectively) concentrations of the archived samples were measured with in-house immunoassays, and the nicked PSA (fPSA-N) concentrations (fPSA minus fPSA-I) and ratios of different PSA forms were calculated. These were compared with the prostate cancer stage, Gleason score, and World Health Organization grade.
The median fPSA-I and fPSA-N concentrations in the patients with prostate cancer was 0.42 and 0.28 ng/mL, constituting an average of 60% and 40% of fPSA, respectively. The nicked/total PSA and free/total PSA ratios had the strongest negative correlations with a higher pathologic stage, Gleason score, and World Health Organization grade (Spearman rho -0.205 to -0.262, P < .05). Within a patient subgroup with tPSA < 10 ng/mL, fPSA-N as a single marker had a negative correlation with a higher Gleason score (rho -0.160, P = .021).
Lower proportions of fPSA-I and fPSA-N to total PSA were associated with a more advanced cancer stage and grade. A long-term follow-up study and a comparison with currently used clinical methods are needed to evaluate the usefulness of the analytes as prognostic markers for cancer aggressiveness in individual patients.
Peltola MT, Niemelä P, Väisänen V, Viitanen T, Alanen K, Nurmi M, Pettersson K. Are you the author?
Reference: Urology. 2011 Feb 4. Epub ahead of print.