Department of Urology, Division of Biomedical Statistics and Informatics, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.
To determine the impact of adjuvant androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) on survival in patients with seminal vesicle invasion (pT3b) at radical prostatectomy.
We reviewed 12,115 patients who underwent radical prostatectomy between 1987 and 2002 to identify patients with pT3bN0 prostate cancer who received adjuvant ADT (n= 191). These patients were matched by clinical and pathological variables to a group of patients with pT3b prostate cancer who did not receive adjuvant ADT. Median postoperative follow-up was 10 years. Clinical endpoints included biochemical progression-free survival (BPFS), local recurrence-free survival (LRFS), systemic progression-free survival (SPFS), cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival.
Patients who underwent adjuvant ADT experienced improved 10-year BPFS (60% vs 16%, P < 0.001), LRFS (87% vs 76%, P= 0.002), SPFS (91% vs 78%, P= 0.004) and CSS (94% vs 87%, P= 0.037). Overall survival was not significantly different between groups (75% vs 69%, P= 0.12). Both luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonists (hazard ratio, 0.26; 95% CI, 0.15-0.46; P < 0.001) and bilateral orchiectomy (hazard ratio, 0.13; 95% CI, 0.06-0.31; P < 0.001) improved BPFS. When stratified by type of ADT (hormonal therapy vs orchiectomy), there was no difference in survival outcomes.
Adjuvant ADT improves local, and systemic control after radical prostatectomy for pT3b prostate cancer. There is no difference in survival between patients receiving medical hormonal therapy vs patients undergoing orchiectomy. Given the lack of improvement in overall survival, continued investigation is needed to identify the cohort of pT3b patients at highest risk for cancer progression and therefore most likely to benefit from a multimodal treatment approach.
Siddiqui SA, Boorjian SA, Blute ML, Rangel LJ, Bergstralh EJ, Karnes RJ, Frank I. Are you the author?
Reference: BJU Int. 2011 Feb;107(3):383-8.