Department of Solid Tumor Oncology, Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, 9500 Euclid Avenue/R35, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA.
The androgen receptor remains the key player in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Available agents capable of blocking early adrenal androgen production have limited activity and can lead to significant toxicities. Abiraterone acetate, a pregnenolone analog, is a small molecule that irreversibly inhibits CYP17, a rate-limiting enzyme in androgen biosynthesis. Several clinical trials have demonstrated the safety and efficacy of this compound in men with metastatic CRPC. Recently, a randomized phase 3 trial evaluating abiraterone acetate in docetaxel-refractory CRPC patients demonstrated a survival improvement over placebo-treated patients (14.8 vs 10.9 months; HR 0.646; P < 0.0001). A similar trial in the pre-chemotherapy setting has completed accrual and is undergoing analysis. Here we review the rationale and clinical development of abiraterone acetate in men with CRPC.
Salem M, Garcia JA. Are you the author?
Reference: Curr Oncol Rep. 2011 Jan 18. Epub ahead of print.