Urinary and Sexual Impact of Robotic Radical Prostatectomy: Reporting of Patient-reported Outcome Measures in the First Year after Radical Prostatectomy in a Contemporary Multicentre Cohort in the United Kingdom.

Radical prostatectomy (RP) is an established treatment for localised prostate cancer that can have a significant impact on urinary and sexual function, with recovery over time. Our aim was to describe functional recovery in the first year after RP, reporting descriptive outcomes alongside validated patient-reported outcome measure scores (Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite, EPIC-26).

Men undergoing RP between September 2015 and November 2019 completed EPIC-26 at baseline and 1, 3, 6, and 12 mo.

Overall, 2030 men consented to participation, underwent RP, and completed EPIC-26. At baseline, 97% were pad-free (1928/1996; 95% confidence interval [CI] 96-97%) and 77% were leak-free and pad-free (1529/1996; 95% CI 75-78), with a median EPIC-26 incontinence domain score of 100 (interquartile range [IQR] 86-100). At 12 mo, 65% were pad-free (904/1388; 95% CI 63-68%) and 42% were leak-free and pad-free (583/1388; 95% CI 39-45%), with a median EPIC-26 score of 76 (IQR 61-100). While one in three men reported wearing a pad at 12 mo, fewer than one in ten men needed more than 1 pad/d. At baseline, 1.9% reported a "moderate or big problem" with urine leakage, which increased to 9.7% at 12 mo. At baseline, the median sexual domain score among 1880 men was 74 (IQR 43-92) and 52% had erections sufficient for intercourse without medication (975/1880; 95% CI 50-54%). Among these 975 men, 630 responded at 12 mo, of whom 17% reported sufficient erections for intercourse (105/630; 95% CI 14-20%), without medication in 6% (37/630; 95% CI 4-8%) and needing medication in 11% (68/630; 95% CI 9-13%); the median EPIC-26 domain score was 26 (IQR 13-57).

Reporting of functional outcomes after RP in terms of easily understood concepts such as pad-free and leak-free status, and erections with and with medication, alongside the classical report using EPIC-26 domain scores, increases the understanding of RP recovery patterns over the first year.

At 12 months after surgery for prostate cancer, one in ten men reported a moderate or big problem with urine leakage and one in five men reported sufficient erections.

European urology open science. 2024 May 21*** epublish ***

Joshua Bridge, Muhieddine Labban, Alexander P Cole, Busola Adebusoye, Sarah C Smith, Evangelia Protopapa, Neil McCartan, Chris Brew-Graves, Quoc-Dien Trinh, Kevin Hamer, Sue Mallett, Jan van der Meulen, Caroline M Moore, TrueNTH Post Surgery UK Investigators

Division of Surgical & Interventional Science, University College London, London, UK., Division of Urological Surgery and Center for Surgery and Public Health, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA., Department of Health Services Research & Policy, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK., My Medical Records, University Hospital Southampton, Southampton, UK., National Cancer Imaging Translational Accelerator, Division of Medicine, University College of London, London, UK.