MRI-guided radiotherapy in twenty fractions for localised prostate cancer; results from the MOMENTUM study.

MRI-guided radiotherapy (MRIgRT) offers multiple potential advantages over CT-guidance. This study examines the potential clinical benefits of MRIgRT for men with localised prostate cancer, in the setting of moderately hypofractionated radiotherapy. We evaluate two-year toxicity outcomes, early biochemical response and patient-reported outcomes (PRO), using data obtained from a multicentre international registry study, for the first group of patients with prostate cancer who underwent treatment on a 1.5 T MR-Linac.

Patients who were enrolled within the MOMENTUM study and received radical treatment with 60 Gy in 20 fractions were identified. PSA levels and CTCAE version 5.0 toxicity data were measured at follow-up visits. Those patients who consented to PRO data collection also completed EQ-5D-5L, EORTC QLQ-C30 and EORTC QLQ-PR25 questionnaires.

Between November 2018 and June 2022, 146 patients who had MRIgRT for localised prostate cancer on the 1.5 T MR-Linac were eligible for this study. Grade 2 and worse gastro-intestinal (GI) toxicity was reported in 3 % of patients at three months whilst grade 2 and worse genitourinary (GU) toxicity was 7 % at three months. There was a significant decrease in the median PSA at 12 months. The results from both the EQ-5D-5L data and EORTC global health status scale indicate a decline in the quality of life (QoL) during the first six months. The mean change in score for the EORTC scale showed a decrease of 11.4 points, which is considered clinically important. QoL improved back to baseline by 24 months. Worsening of hormonal symptoms in the first six months was reported with a return to baseline by 24 months and sexual activity in all men worsened in the first three months and returned to baseline at 12 months.

This study establishes the feasibility of online-MRIgRT for localised prostate on a 1.5 T MR-Linac with low rates of toxicity, similar to that published in the literature. However, the clinical benefits of MRIgRT over conventional radiotherapy in the setting of moderate hypofractionation is not evident. Further research will focus on the delivery of ultrahypofractionated regimens, where the potential advantages of MRIgRT for prostate cancer may become more discernible.

Clinical and translational radiation oncology. 2024 Feb 07*** epublish ***

Kobika Sritharan, Lois Daamen, Angela Pathmanathan, Tine Schytte, Floris Pos, Ananya Choudhury, Jochem R N van der Voort van Zyp, Linda G W Kerkmeijer, William Hall, Emma Hall, Helena M Verkooijen, Trina Herbert, Shaista Hafeez, Adam Mitchell, Alison C Tree

The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, UK., Division of Imaging and Oncology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands., Odense University Hospital, Denmark., The Netherlands Cancer Institute, The Netherlands., Division of Cancer Sciences, University of Manchester and The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, UK., Radboud University Medical Center, The Netherlands., Medical College of Wisconsin, USA., The Institute of Cancer Research, UK.