Cardiovascular (CV) events are the leading cause of death in prostate cancer. Men with prostate cancer are likely to have CV risk factors and use CV-related concomitant medications. In the phase 3 HERO study, a 54% lower incidence of major adverse cardiac events was reported in men treated with the oral gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptor antagonist, relugolix, vs leuprolide. Herein, we characterize the impact of concomitant CV therapies on efficacy and safety in the HERO study.
In HERO, 930 men with advanced prostate cancer (APC) were randomized 2:1 and treated with relugolix (120 mg orally once daily; after single 360 mg loading dose) or leuprolide (injections every 3 months) for 48 weeks. Subgroups analyzed included men who received antihypertensives, antithrombotics, or lipid-modifying therapies (LMAs), as well as the most common drug classes (> 10%) and single most common agent within each class. Assessments included sustained testosterone suppression to castrate levels (< 50 ng/dL) through 48 weeks and safety.
Antihypertensives, antithrombotics, and LMAs were utilized by 52.7%, 39.1%, and 39.6% of men in HERO, respectively. In the main subgroups, point estimates for sustained castration rates were generally consistent with overall estimates of relugolix and leuprolide observed in the overall population. Sustained castration rates were also mostly consistent for men taking the most common drug classes and individual agents in each class (losartan [n = 103]: relugolix, 95.4% vs leuprolide, 80.6%; amlodipine [n = 229]: 97.2% vs 85.5%; metoprolol [n = 88]: 95.7% vs 86.9%; acetylsalicylic acid [n = 259]: 97.0% vs 92.1%; clopidogrel [n = 43]: 96.4% vs 86.7%; simvastatin [n = 78]: 98.0% vs 87.3%). Incidence and types of adverse events (AEs) among men who received these medications were mostly consistent with overall population results, with some increases in grade ≥ 3 and fatal AEs.
Relugolix suppressed testosterone and was generally well tolerated when given with concomitant CV agents.
Clinical Trial ID NCT03085095.
Data presented at 15th Annual Genitourinary Cancers Symposium; February 17-19, 2022, San Francisco, CA, USA [Abstract 101, Poster board E11]. The published abstract from this presentation can be found at https://ascopubs.org/doi/10.1200/JCO.2022.40.6_suppl.101 .
Advances in therapy. 2023 Sep 15 [Epub ahead of print]
Neal D Shore, Bryan A Mehlhaff, Michael S Cookson, Daniel R Saltzstein, Ronald Tutrone, Bruce Brown, Sophia Lu, Mark Fallick, Sarah Hanson, Fred Saad
Carolina Urologic Research Center, 823 82nd Pkwy, Suite B, Myrtle Beach, SC, 29572, USA. ., Oregon Urology Institute, Springfield, OR, USA., Department of Urology, The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA., Urology San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA., Chesapeake Urology, Towson, MD, USA., Myovant Sciences, Inc., Brisbane, CA, USA., Pfizer Inc., New York, NY, USA., University of Montreal Hospital Centre, Montreal, QC, Canada.