Emerging role of miRNA in prostate cancer: A future era of diagnostic and therapeutics.

Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common cancer in men (20%) and is responsible for 6.8% (1/5) of all cancer-related deaths in men around the world. The development and spread of prostate cancer are driven by a wide variety of genomic changes and extensive epigenetic events. Because of this, the MicroRNA (miRNA) and associated molecular mechanisms involved in PCa genesis and aggressive were only partially identified until today. The miRNAs are a newly discovered category of regulatorsthat have recently been recognized to have a significant role in regulating numerous elements of cancer mechanisms, such as proliferation, differentiation, metabolism, and apoptosis. The miRNAs are a type of small (22-24 nucleotides), non-coding, endogenous, single-stranded RNA and work as potent gene regulators. Various types of cancer, including PCa, have found evidence that miRNA genes, which are often located in cancer-related genetic regions or fragile locations, have a role in the primary steps of tumorigenesis, either as oncogenes or tumorsuppressors. To explain the link between miRNAs and their function in the initiation and advancement of PCa, we conducted a preliminary assessment. The purpose of this research was to enhance our understanding of the connection between miRNA expression profiles and PCa by elucidating the fundamental processes of miRNA expression and the target genes.

Gene. 2023 Sep 02 [Epub ahead of print]

Mohd Mabood Khan, Vineeta Sharma, Mohammad Serajuddin

Department of Zoology, University of Lucknow, Lucknow 226007, Uttar Pradesh, India. Electronic address: ., Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville 37232, Tennessee USA., Department of Zoology, University of Lucknow, Lucknow 226007, Uttar Pradesh, India.