Prevalence and determinants of decision regret in long-term prostate cancer survivors following radical prostatectomy.

Patients with localized prostate cancer (PC) are faced with a wide spectrum of therapeutic options at initial diagnosis. Following radical prostatectomy (RP), PC patients may experience regret regarding their initial choice of treatment, especially when oncological and functional outcomes are poor. Impacts of psychosocial factors on decision regret, especially after long-term follow-up, are not well understood. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and determinants of decision regret in long-term PC survivors following RP.

3408 PC survivors (mean age 78.8 years, SD = 6.5) from the multicenter German Familial PC Database returned questionnaires after an average of 16.5 (SD = 3.8) years following RP. The outcome of decision regret concerning the initial choice of RP was assessed with one item from the Decision Regret Scale. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL), PC-anxiety, PSA-anxiety, as well as anxiety and depressive symptoms were considered for independent association with decision regret via multivariable logistic regression.

10.9% (373/3408) of PC survivors reported decision regret. Organ-confined disease at RP (OR 1.39, 95%CI 1.02-1.91), biochemical recurrence (OR 1.34, 1.00-1.80), low HRQoL (OR 1.69,1.28-2.24), depressive symptoms (OR 2.32, 1.52-3.53), and prevalent PSA anxiety (OR 1.88,1.17-3.01) were significantly associated with increased risk of decision regret. Shared decision-making reduced the odds of decision regret by 40% (OR 0.59, 0.41-0.86).

PC survivors may experience decision regret even after 16 years following RP. Promoting shared decision-making in light of both established and novel, potentially less invasive treatments at initial diagnosis may help mitigate long-term regret. Awareness regarding patients showing depressive symptoms or PSA anxiety should be encouraged to identify patients at risk of decision regret in need of additional psychological support.

BMC urology. 2023 Aug 23*** epublish ***

Lukas Lunger, Valentin H Meissner, Benedikt C G Kopp, Andreas Dinkel, Stefan Schiele, Donna P Ankerst, J├╝rgen E Gschwend, Kathleen Herkommer

Department of Urology, Klinikum rechts der Isar, School of Medicine, Technical University of Munich, Ismaninger Strasse 22, 81675, Munich, Germany., Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Klinikum rechts der Isar, School of Medicine, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany., Departments of Mathematics and Life Science Systems, Munich Data Science Institute, Technical University of Munich, Garching, Germany., Department of Urology, Klinikum rechts der Isar, School of Medicine, Technical University of Munich, Ismaninger Strasse 22, 81675, Munich, Germany. .