Prostate MRI plays an important role in imaging the prostate gland and surrounding tissues, particularly in the diagnosis and management of prostate cancer. With the widespread adoption of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging in recent years, the concerns surrounding the variability of imaging quality have garnered increased attention. Several factors contribute to the inconsistency of image quality, such as acquisition parameters, scanner differences and interobserver variabilities. While efforts have been made to standardize image acquisition and interpretation via the development of systems, such as PI-RADS and PI-QUAL, the scoring systems still depend on the subjective experience and acumen of humans. Artificial intelligence (AI) has been increasingly used in many applications, including medical imaging, due to its ability to automate tasks and lower human error rates. These advantages have the potential to standardize the tasks of image interpretation and quality control of prostate MRI. Despite its potential, thorough validation is required before the implementation of AI in clinical practice. In this article, we explore the opportunities and challenges of AI, with a focus on the interpretation and quality of prostate MRI.
European journal of radiology. 2023 May 23 [Epub ahead of print]
Heejong Kim, Shin Won Kang, Jae-Hun Kim, Himanshu Nagar, Mert Sabuncu, Daniel J A Margolis, Chan Kyo Kim
Department of Radiology, Weill Cornell Medical College, 525 E 68th St Box 141, New York, NY 10021, United States., Research Institute for Future Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Republic of Korea., Department of Radiology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Republic of Korea., Department of Radiation Oncology, Weill Cornell Medical College, 525 E 68th St, New York, NY 10021, United States., Department of Radiology, Weill Cornell Medical College, 525 E 68th St Box 141, New York, NY 10021, United States. Electronic address: ., Department of Radiology and Center for Imaging Science, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Republic of Korea.