Distinguishing between true indolent and potentially life-threatening prostate cancer is challenging in tumours displaying clinicopathologic features associated with low or intermediate risk of relapse. Several somatic DNA copy number alterations (CNAs) have been identified as potential prognostic biomarkers, but the standard cytogenetic method to assess them has a limited multiplexing capability.
Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) targeting 14 genes was optimised to survey 448 tumours of patients with low or intermediate risk (Grade Group 1-3, Gleason score ≤7) who underwent radical prostatectomy. A 6-gene CNA classifier was developed using random survival forest and Cox proportional hazard modelling to predict biochemical recurrence.
The classifier score was significantly associated with biochemical recurrence after adjusting for standard clinicopathologic variables and the known prognostic index CAPRA-S score with a hazard ratio of 2.17 and 1.80, respectively (n = 406, P < 0.01). The prognostic value of this classifier was externally validated in published CNA data from three radical prostatectomy cohorts and one radiation therapy pre-treatment biopsy cohort.
The 6-gene CNA classifier generated by a single MLPA assay compatible with the small quantities of DNA extracted from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue specimens has the potential to improve the clinical management of patients with low or intermediate risk disease.
British journal of cancer. 2023 Apr 10 [Epub ahead of print]
Walead Ebrahimizadeh, Karl-Philippe Guérard, Shaghayegh Rouzbeh, Eleonora Scarlata, Fadi Brimo, Palak G Patel, Tamara Jamaspishvili, Lucie Hamel, Armen G Aprikian, Anna Y Lee, David M Berman, John M S Bartlett, Simone Chevalier, Jacques Lapointe
Department of Surgery, Division of Urology, McGill University and the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI MUHC), Montreal, QC, Canada., Department of Pathology, McGill University and the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI MUHC), Montreal, QC, Canada., Department of Pathology & Molecular Medicine, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada., Ontario Institute for Cancer Research, Toronto, ON, Canada., Department of Surgery, Division of Urology, McGill University and the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI MUHC), Montreal, QC, Canada. .