Correlation between ADC, ADC ratio, and Gleason Grade group in prostate cancer patients undergoing radical prostatectomy: Retrospective multicenter study with different MRI scanners.

MRI is an important tool in the prostate cancer work-up, with special emphasis on the ADC sequence. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between ADC and ADC ratio compared to tumor aggressiveness determined by a histopathological examination after radical prostatectomy.

Ninety-eight patients with prostate cancer underwent MRI at five different hospitals prior to radical prostatectomy. Images were retrospectively analyzed individually by two radiologists. The ADC of the index lesion and reference tissues (contralateral normal prostatic, normal peripheral zone, and urine) was recorded. Absolute ADC and different ADC ratios were compared to tumor aggressivity according to the ISUP Gleason Grade Groups extracted from the pathology report using Spearman's rank correlation coefficient (ρ). ROC curves were used to evaluate the ability to discriminate between ISUP 1-2 and ISUP 3-5 and intra class correlation and Bland-Altman plots for interrater reliability.

All patients had prostate cancer classified as ISUP grade ≥ 2. No correlation was found between ADC and ISUP grade. We found no benefit of using the ADC ratio over absolute ADC. The AUC for all metrics was close to 0.5, and no threshold could be extracted for prediction of tumor aggressivity. The interrater reliability was substantial to almost perfect for all variables analyzed.

ADC and ADC ratio did not correlate with tumor aggressiveness defined by ISUP grade in this multicenter MRI study. The result of this study is opposite to previous research in the field.

Frontiers in oncology. 2023 Feb 20*** epublish ***

Johan Bengtsson, Erik Thimansson, Erik Baubeta, Sophia Zackrisson, Pia Charlotte Sundgren, Anders Bjartell, Despina Flondell-Sité

Department of Clinical Sciences, Radiology, Lund, Lund University, Lund, Sweden., Department of Translational Medicine, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden., Department of Medical Imaging and Physiology, Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.