PSA testing behaviors for prostate cancer screening among U.S. immigrants: a cross-sectional analysis using the NHIS.

Immigrants constitute 14% of the U.S. population, and this group is especially vulnerable to poor healthcare access. Prior research demonstrates U.S. immigrants have low rates of guideline-concordant breast and colorectal screening, but prostate cancer screening has not previously been evaluated. We sought to characterize screening behaviors among U.S. immigrants and to consider possible mechanisms to enhance PSA-based screening for this population.

Data was obtained from the 2010, 2013, 2015, and 2018 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) reports, which were the recent survey years that included questions about PSA testing. Complex samples logistic regression was performed to assess the relationship between immigrant-specific characteristics including region of birth, citizenship status, length of residence within the U.S., English language proficiency, and history of PSA testing.

There were 22,997 survey respondents. 3,257 were foreign-born and 19,740 were U.S.-born. Rates of PSA testing were much lower among the foreign-born population compared to the U.S.-born population (43% vs 60%). Citizenship status, length of residence in the U.S. for more than 15 years, and English proficiency were directly linked to increased rates of PSA testing. There was significant variability in PSA testing among immigrant subgroups and Asian immigrants had the lowest rate of PSA testing. Annual physician visits and English language proficiency were associated with increased PSA testing among the U.S. immigrant population.

Immigrants have relatively low rates of PSA testing. Improving healthcare utilization and language services may help to narrow the gap in guideline-concordant prostate cancer screening between immigrants and non-immigrants.

The Journal of urology. 2022 Oct 11 [Epub ahead of print]

Nathaniel F Hansen, Joshua A Linscott, Matthew H Hayn, Stephen T Ryan, Jesse D Sammon

Tufts University School of Medicine, 145 Harrison Ave, Boston, MA, 02111, USA., Maine Medical Center, Division of Urology, 100 Brickhill Ave, South Portland, ME, 04106, USA.

email news signup