Feasibility of Global Assessment of Bone Metastases in Prostate Cancer with 18F-Sodium Fluoride-PET/Computed Tomography.

18F-sodium fluoride (NaF) PET/computed tomography (CT) allows detection of bone metastases in patients with prostate cancer (PCa). The aim of this study was to test the feasibility of assessing global metastatic bone disease in patients with PCa by using a threshold-based PET segmentation technique. This retrospective analysis was performed in 32 patients with PCa with known bone metastases who underwent NaF-PET/CT imaging. An adaptive contrast-oriented thresholding technique was used to segment NaF avid lesions. The mean metabolic volumetric product (MVPmean), partial volume-corrected MVPmean (cMVPmean), and metabolically active volume (MAV) were calculated. Lesional values were summed within each patient to obtain the global PET disease burden. Pearson correlation analysis was used to assess the associations between global NaF-PET/CT metrics and clinical biomarkers of metastatic disease activity. Global MVPmean, cMVPmean, and MAV were significantly correlated with alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels (p < 0.05). No correlation was observed between global NaF-PET/CT measures and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels. Global assessment is a feasible method to quantify metastatic bone disease activity in patients with PCa. Convergent validity was supported by demonstrating a significant correlation between NaF-PET/CT parameters and blood ALP levels.

PET clinics. 2022 Oct [Epub]

Benjamin Koa, William Y Raynor, Peter Sang Uk Park, Austin J Borja, Sachi Singhal, Angie Kuang, Vincent Zhang, Thomas J Werner, Abass Alavi, Mona-Elisabeth Revheim

Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA., Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA; Department of Radiology, Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, 1 Robert Wood Johnson Place, MEB #404, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA., Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA; Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA., Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA; Department of Medicine, Crozer-Chester Medical Center, 1 Medical Center Boulevard, Upland, PA 19013, USA., Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA; Division of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Sognsvannsveien 20, Oslo 0372, Norway; Institute for Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Postbox 4950, Nydalen, Oslo 0424, Norway. Electronic address: .

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