Tasks for artificial intelligence in prostate MRI.

The advent of precision medicine, increasing clinical needs, and imaging availability among many other factors in the prostate cancer diagnostic pathway has engendered the utilization of artificial intelligence (AI). AI carries a vast number of potential applications in every step of the prostate cancer diagnostic pathway from classifying/improving prostate multiparametric magnetic resonance image quality, prostate segmentation, anatomically segmenting cancer suspicious foci, detecting and differentiating clinically insignificant cancers from clinically significant cancers on a voxel-level, and classifying entire lesions into Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System categories/Gleason scores. Multiple studies in all these areas have shown many promising results approximating accuracies of radiologists. Despite this flourishing research, more prospective multicenter studies are needed to uncover the full impact and utility of AI on improving radiologist performance and clinical management of prostate cancer. In this narrative review, we aim to introduce emerging medical imaging AI paper quality metrics such as the Checklist for Artificial Intelligence in Medical Imaging (CLAIM) and Field-Weighted Citation Impact (FWCI), dive into some of the top AI models for segmentation, detection, and classification.

European radiology experimental. 2022 Jul 31*** epublish ***

Mason J Belue, Baris Turkbey

Molecular Imaging Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health Bethesda, 10 Center Dr., MSC 1182, Building 10, Room B3B85, Bethesda, MD, 20892-1088, USA., Molecular Imaging Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health Bethesda, 10 Center Dr., MSC 1182, Building 10, Room B3B85, Bethesda, MD, 20892-1088, USA. .

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