Clinical use of the mRNA urinary biomarker SelectMDx test for prostate cancer.

Molecular biomarker tests are developed as diagnostic tools for prostate cancer (PCa) diagnosis. The SelectMDx (MDxHealth, Nijmegen, The Netherlands) test is a urinary-based biomarker test intended to be used to predict presence of high-grade PCa upon biopsy in men with elevated serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels. Previous validation of the SelectMDx test revealed that 53% of the unnecessary biopsies (biopsies indicating no- or GG1 PCa) could be avoided using the SelectMDx test as a decision-tool to select men for prostate biopsy. The objective of this study is to examine the use of the commercially available SelectMDx test under routine, real-life practice.

Men that underwent a SelectMDx test between May 2019 and December 2020 and that were originating from countries that perform the SelectMDx test on a regular basis were included in this study, resulting in 5157 cases from 10 European countries. Clinical parameters, urinary RNA scores, and test outcomes were compared between PSA groups, age groups, countries, and the validation cohort (described previously [4]) using the Mann-Whitney U test, Chi-Square test, Benjamini-Hochberg and Kruskal-Wallis tests.

40.72% of the cases received a negative SelectMDx result. The test is also used in patients outside the intended-use population (PSA < 3 and >10 ng/mL). Clinical parameters (age, PSA density, DRE outcome) varied between patient population from individual countries and the validation cohort, resulting in differences in the potential number of saved biopsies using the test.

The potential number of reduced biopsies in clinical use was 40,72% using the SelectMDx test, assuming a negative SelectMDx test resulted in the decision not to biopsy the patient. This is higher compared to the validation cohort, which is explained by differences in patient population.

Prostate cancer and prostatic diseases. 2022 Jul 09 [Epub ahead of print]

Wieke C H Visser, Hans de Jong, Sandra Steyaert, Willem J G Melchers, Peter F A Mulders, Jack A Schalken

Department of Product Development, MDxHealth BV, Nijmegen, The Netherlands., Department of Computational Biology, Statistics and AI, VOF dobbio, Zelzate, Belgium., Department of Urology, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands., Department of Urology, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. .

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