Navigation programs relevant for African American men with prostate cancer: a scoping review protocol.

The excess incidence and mortality due to prostate cancer that impacts African American men constitutes the largest of all cancer disparities. Patient navigation is a patient-centered healthcare system intervention to eliminate barriers to timely, high-quality care across the cancer continuum and improves health outcomes among vulnerable patients. However, little is known regarding the extent to which navigation programs include cultural humility to address prostate cancer disparities among African American men. We present a scoping review protocol of an in-depth examination of navigation programs in prostate cancer care-including navigation activities/procedures, training, and management-with a special focus on cultural context and humility for African American men to achieve health equity.

We will conduct comprehensive searches of the literature in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and CINAHL Complete, using keywords and index terms (Mesh and Emtree) within the three main themes: prostate cancer, patient navigation, and African American men. We will also conduct a search of the gray literature, hand-searching, and reviewing references of included papers and conference abstracts. In a two-phase approach, two authors will independently screen titles and abstracts, and full-text based on inclusion/exclusion criteria. All study designs will be included that present detailed data about the elements of navigation programs, including intervention content, navigator training, and/or management. Data will be extracted from included studies, and review findings will be synthesized and summarized.

A scoping review focused on cultural humility in patient navigation within the context of eliminating disparities in PCa care among African American men does not yet exist. This review will synthesize existing evidence of patient navigation programs for African American prostate cancer patients and the inclusion of cultural humility. Results will inform the development and implementation of future programs to meet the unique needs of vulnerable prostate cancer patients in safety net settings.

PROSPERO 2021 CRD42021221412.

Systematic reviews. 2022 Jun 14*** epublish ***

Nynikka R Palmer, Ashley Nicole Smith, Brittany A Campbell, Ghilamichael Andemeskel, Peggy Tahir, Tisha M Felder, Barbara Cicerelli

Division on General Internal Medicine at Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital, University of California San Francisco, 1001 Potrero Avenue, UCSF mailbox 1364, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA. ., Division on General Internal Medicine at Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital, University of California San Francisco, 1001 Potrero Avenue, UCSF mailbox 1364, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA., University of California San Francisco, 1450 3rd Street, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA., UCSF Library, University of California San Francisco, 530 Parnassus Ave, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA., College of Nursing, University of South Carolina, 1601 Greene Street, Room 620, Columbia, SC, 29208, USA., Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital, 995 Potrero Ave, Building 80, Room 8000N Lower Level, San Francisco, CA, 94110, USA.

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