Radical prostatectomy (RP) outcomes in Hispanic men with prostate cancer are not well-described. Prior studies showed varying results regarding the rate of upgrading and upstaging, and these studies included limited pathologic data and lack of central pathology review. We characterized the rate of upgrading, adverse pathology, and oncologic outcomes in Hispanics after prostatectomy using a large institutional database.
We included Hispanic white (HW), non-Hispanic white (NHW), and black men who underwent (RP) between 2010 and 2021 at a single institution. We recorded differences in grade group between biopsy and prostatectomy and performed multivariable analyses for odds of upgrading and adverse pathologic findings. The primary outcome was rate of upgrading in HWs. Using a sub-cohort with follow-up data, we assessed race/ethnicity and upgrading as a predictor of biochemical recurrence (BCR)-free survival.
Our cohort included 1877 men: 36.7% were NHW, 40.6% were HW, and 22.7% were black. Rates of upgrading were not different between NHW, NHW, and black men at 34.0, 33.8, and 37.3%, respectively (p = 0.4). In the multivariable analysis for upgrading, significant predictors for upgrading were older age (p = 0.002), higher PSA (p < 0.001), and lower prostate weight (p = 0.02), but race/ethnicity did not predict upgrading. In patients with available follow-up (1083, 58%), upgrading predicted worse BCR-free survival (HR 2.17, CI 1.46-3.22, p < 0.0001) but race/ethnicity did not.
HW men undergoing RP had similar rates of upgrading and adverse pathologic outcomes as NHW men. Race/ethnicity does not independently predict upgrading or worse oncologic outcomes after RP.
World journal of urology. 2022 Jun 10 [Epub ahead of print]
Helen Y Hougen, Oleksii A Iakymenko, Sanoj Punnen, Chad R Ritch, Bruno Nahar, Dipen J Parekh, Oleksandr N Kryvenko, Mark L Gonzalgo
Desai Sethi Urology Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, 1120 NW 14th Street, CRB 15th Floor, Miami, FL, 33136, USA. ., Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA., Desai Sethi Urology Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, 1120 NW 14th Street, CRB 15th Floor, Miami, FL, 33136, USA.