Interventions for obstructive uropathy in advanced prostate cancer: a population-based study.

Upper tract obstructive uropathy (UTOU) is a complication of advanced prostate cancer (PCa) that may require urinary tract decompression. There are no population-based studies on the incidence, treatment, and outcomes of this complication. We developed and validated a coding framework to identify procedures for UTOU in men with locally advanced and metastatic PCa using administrative hospital data to assess clinical outcomes.

Patients newly diagnosed with PCa between April 2014 and March 2019 were identified in the English cancer registry. A coding framework based on procedure (OPCS-4) and diagnostic (ICD-10) codes was developed and validated. Subsequent clinical outcomes were determined using Hospital Episodes Statistics (HES) to determine the utility of the intervention.

A total of 77,010 patients newly diagnosed with locally advanced, and 30,083 patients with metastatic PCa were identified. Of these, 1,951 (1.8%) patients underwent an intervention for UTOU according to our coding framework: 830 (42.5%) had locally advanced disease and 1,121 (57.5%) had metastatic disease. 844 (43.3%) had a percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN), 473 (24.2%) had a PCN with antegrade stent and 634 (32.5%) had a retrograde stent. Mean follow-up time was 43.2 months. The cumulative incidence of the use of these interventions at one, three, and five years was 2.5%, 3.6% and 4.2% in men with metastases compared to 0.5%, 0.9% and 1.4% in men with locally advanced disease.

A new coding framework, developed to identify procedures for UTOU. was applied in the largest study to date of UTOU in men with primary locally advanced and metastatic PCa. Results demonstrated that 2% of men with locally advanced PCa and 4% of men with metastatic PCa require an intervention to resolve UTOU within 5 years of their PCa diagnosis.

BJU international. 2022 Apr 29 [Epub ahead of print]

Arjun Nathan, Melanie Morris, Matthew G Parry, Brendan Berry, Arunan Sujenthiran, Julie Nossiter, Heather Payne, Jan Van Der Meulen, Noel W Clarke, James S A Green

Clinical Effectiveness Unit, The Royal College of Surgeons of England, United Kingdom., Department of Oncology, University College London Hospitals, London, United Kingdom., Department of Urology, The Christie and Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trusts Manchester, United Kingdom., Department of Urology, Whipps Cross Hospital, London, United Kingdom.

email news signup