Role of radium-223 discontinuation due to adverse events in castration-resistant prostate cancer patients. A retrospective monocentric analysis.

Radium 223 (Ra-223) was approved for the treatment of metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients with bone-only disease, following demonstration of significant improvement in overall survival (OS). To date, there are no validated prognostic factors useful in predicting outcome of mCRPC patients treated with Ra-223. Our retrospective study aims to evaluate the prognostic role of treatment discontinuation due to adverse events in mCRPC patients treated with Ra-223, and to identify which factors correlate with the toxicity onset.

We performed a retrospective analysis of all consecutive mCRPC patients treated with Ra-223 from September 2013 to December 2019 at our institute. Patients were divided in 2 groups according to the reason of Ra-223 therapy discontinuation: toxicity versus other causes. Outcome measures were progression-free survival (PFS) and OS.

In the overall population (75 patients) median PFS and OS were 5.46 months and 11.15 months respectively. Patients who discontinued treatment due to toxicity had a lower median PFS (3.49 vs 5.89 months, HR: 1.88, 95% CI: 1.14-3.12, p = 0.014) and OS (8.59 vs 14.7 months HR: 3.33, 95% CI: 1.85-6.01, p < 0.001) than patients who discontinued therapy due to other causes. The risk of Ra-223 discontinuation due to toxicity correlates with the number of previous treatments (p = 0.002), previous chemotherapy treatment (p = 0.039), baseline LDH (p = 0.012), Hb (p = 0.021) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (p = 0.024).

Discontinuation due to toxicity is associated with worse outcomes in mCRPC patients treated with Ra-223. To reduce the risk of developing toxicities that may compromise treatment efficacy, Ra-223 should be used early in mCRPC patients.

Tumori. 2022 Mar 31 [Epub ahead of print]

Fabio Turco, Marcello Tucci, Tiziana Angusti, Antonella Parente, Rosario Francesco Di Stefano, Susanna Urban, Chiara Pisano, Alessandro Samuelly, Alessandro Audisio, Marco Audisio, Elena Parlagreco, Antonio Ungaro, Giorgio Vittorio Scagliotti, Massimo Di Maio, Consuelo Buttigliero

Department of Oncology, University of Turin, at Division of Medical Oncology, San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, Orbassano, Turin, Italy., Medical Oncology Department, Cardinal Massaia Hospital, Asti, Italy., Nuclear Medicine Unit, San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, Orbassano, Turin, Italy., Department of Oncology, University of Turin, at Division of Medical Oncology, Ordine Mauriziano Hospital, Turin, Italy.

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