Dimensional reduction based on peak fitting of Raman micro spectroscopy data improves detection of prostate cancer in tissue specimens.

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men. An accurate diagnosis of its severity at detection plays a major role in improving their survival. Recently, machine learning models using biomarkers identified from Raman micro-spectroscopy discriminated intraductal carcinoma of the prostate (IDC-P) from cancer tissue with a ≥85  %   detection accuracy and differentiated high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (HGPIN) from IDC-P with a ≥97. 8  %   accuracy.

To improve the classification performance of machine learning models identifying different types of prostate cancer tissue using a new dimensional reduction technique.

A radial basis function (RBF) kernel support vector machine (SVM) model was trained on Raman spectra of prostate tissue from a 272-patient cohort (Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, CHUM) and tested on two independent cohorts of 76 patients [University Health Network (UHN)] and 135 patients (Centre hospitalier universitaire de Québec-Université Laval, CHUQc-UL). Two types of engineered features were used. Individual intensity features, i.e., Raman signal intensity measured at particular wavelengths and novel Raman spectra fitted peak features consisting of peak heights and widths.

Combining engineered features improved classification performance for the three aforementioned classification tasks. The improvements for IDC-P/cancer classification for the UHN and CHUQc-UL testing sets in accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve (AUC) are (numbers in parenthesis are associated with the CHUQc-UL testing set): +4  %   (+8  %  ), +7  %   (+9  %  ), +2  %   (6%), +9 (+9) with respect to the current best models. Discrimination between HGPIN and IDC-P was also improved in both testing cohorts: +2.2  %   (+1.7  %  ), +4.5  %   (+3.6  %  ), +0  %   (+0  %  ), +2.3 (+0). While no global improvements were obtained for the normal versus cancer classification task [+0  %   (-2  %  ), +0  %   (-3  %  ), +2  %   (-2  %  ), +4 (+3)], the AUC was improved in both testing sets.

Combining individual intensity features and novel Raman fitted peak features, improved the classification performance on two independent and multicenter testing sets in comparison to using only individual intensity features.

Journal of biomedical optics. 2021 Nov [Epub]

Arthur Plante, Frédérick Dallaire, Andrée-Anne Grosset, Tien Nguyen, Mirela Birlea, Jahg Wong, François Daoust, Noémi Roy, André Kougioumoutzakis, Feryel Azzi, Kelly Aubertin, Samuel Kadoury, Mathieu Latour, Roula Albadine, Susan Prendeville, Paul Boutros, Michael Fraser, Rob G Bristow, Theodorus van der Kwast, Michèle Orain, Hervé Brisson, Nazim Benzerdjeb, Hélène Hovington, Alain Bergeron, Yves Fradet, Bernard Têtu, Fred Saad, Dominique Trudel, Frédéric Leblond

Centre de recherche du Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada., Université de Montréal, Department of Pathology and Cellular Biology, Montreal, Quebec, Canada., University Health Network, Laboratory Medicine Program, Toronto, Ontario, Canada., Informatics & Biocomputing Program, Ontario Institute for Cancer Research, Toronto, Ontario, Canada., University Health Network, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada., Centre de recherche du Centre hospitalier universitaire de Québec-Université Laval, Oncology Divisio, Canada.

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