[68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 PET imaging as a predictor for absorbed doses in organs at risk and small lesions in [177Lu]Lu-PSMA-617 treatment.

Patient eligibility for [177Lu]Lu-PSMA therapy remains a challenge, with only 40-60% response rate when patient selection is done based on the lesion uptake (SUV) on [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-PET/CT. Prediction of absorbed dose based on this pre-treatment scan could improve patient selection and help to individualize treatment by maximizing the absorbed dose to target lesions while adhering to the threshold doses for the organs at risk (kidneys, salivary glands, and liver).

Ten patients with low-volume hormone-sensitive prostate cancer received a pre-therapeutic [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT, followed by 3 GBq [177Lu]Lu-PSMA-617 therapy. Intra-therapeutically, SPECT/CT was acquired at 1, 24, 48, 72, and 168 h. Absorbed dose in organs and lesions (n = 22) was determined according to the MIRD scheme. Absorbed dose prediction based on [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-PET/CT was performed using tracer uptake at 1 h post-injection and the mean tissue effective half-life on SPECT. Predicted PET/actual SPECT absorbed dose ratios were determined for each target volume.

PET/SPECT absorbed dose ratio was 1.01 ± 0.21, 1.10 ± 0.15, 1.20 ± 0.34, and 1.11 ± 0.29 for kidneys (using a 2.2 scaling factor), liver, submandibular, and parotid glands, respectively. While a large inter-patient variation in lesion kinetics was observed, PET/SPECT absorbed dose ratio was 1.3 ± 0.7 (range: 0.4-2.7, correlation coefficient r = 0.69, p < 0.01).

A single time point [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-PET scan can be used to predict the absorbed dose of [177Lu]Lu-PSMA therapy to organs, and (to a limited extent) to lesions. This strategy facilitates in treatment management and could increase the personalization of [177Lu]Lu-PSMA therapy.

European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging. 2021 Oct 08 [Epub ahead of print]

Steffie M B Peters, Regina Hofferber, Bastiaan M Privé, Maarten de Bakker, Martin Gotthardt, Marcel Janssen, Frank de Lange, Constantijn H J Muselaers, Niven Mehra, J Alfred Witjes, Pedro F Costa, James Nagarajah, Mark W Konijnenberg, Walter Jentzen

Department of Medical Imaging, Radboud University Medical Center, P.O. Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. ., Department of Nuclear Medicine, Essen University Hospital, Essen, Germany., Department of Medical Imaging, Radboud University Medical Center, P.O. Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands., Department of Urology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands., Department of Medical Oncology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

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