Comparison of Multi-Parametric MRI of the Prostate to 3D Prostate Computer Aided Designs and 3D-Printed Prostate Models for Pre-Operative Planning of Radical Prostatectomies: A Pilot Study.

To evaluate the use of 3D computed aided designs and 3D-printed models as pre-operative planning tools for urologists, in addition to radiologist interpreted mp-MRIS, prior to radical prostatectomy procedures.

Ten patients with biopsy-positive lesions detected on mp-MRI were retrospectively selected. Radiologists identified lesion locations using a Prostate Imaging-Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) map and segmented the prostate, lesion(s), and surrounding anatomy to create 3D-CADs and 3D-printed models for each patient. Six uro-oncologists randomly reviewed three modalities (mp-MRI, 3D-CAD, and 3D-printed models) for each patient and identified lesion locations which were graded for accuracy against the radiologists' answers. Questionnaires assessed decision confidence, ease-of-interpretation, and usefulness for preoperative planning for each modality.

Using 3D-CADs and 3D-printed models compared to mp-MRI, urologists were 2.4x and 2.8x more accurate at identifying the lesion(s), 2.7x and 3.2x faster, 1.6x and 1.63x more confident, and reported it was 1.6x and 1.7x easier to interpret. 3D-CADs and 3D-printed models were reported significantly more useful for overall pre-operative planning, identifying lesion location(s), determining degree of nerve sparing, obtaining negative margins, and patient counseling. Sub-analysis showed 3D-printed models demonstrated significant improvements in ease-of-interpretation, speed, usefulness for obtaining negative margins, and patient counseling compared to 3D-CADs.

3D-CADs and 3D-printed models are useful adjuncts to mp-MRI in providing urologists with more practical, accurate, and efficient pre-operative planning.

Urology. 2021 Sep 05 [Epub ahead of print]

Patrick Saba, Rachel Melnyk, Tyler Holler, Daniel Oppenheimer, Nathan Schuler, William Tabayoyong, Jonathan Bloom, Jathin Bandari, Thomas Frye, Jean Joseph, Eric Weinberg, Gary Hollenberg, Ahmed Ghazi

University of Rochester Medical Center, Department of Urology, Simulation Innovation Laboratory, Rochester, New York. Electronic address: ., University of Rochester Medical Center, Department of Urology, Simulation Innovation Laboratory, Rochester, New York. Electronic address: ., University of Rochester Medical Center, Department of Urology, Simulation Innovation Laboratory, Rochester, New York. Electronic address: ., University of Rochester Medical Center, Department of Imaging Sciences, Rochester, New York. Electronic address: ., University of Rochester Medical Center, Department of Urology, Simulation Innovation Laboratory, Rochester, New York. Electronic address: ., University of Rochester Medical Center, Department of Urology, Rochester, New York. Electronic address: ., University of Rochester Medical Center, Department of Urology, Rochester, New York. Electronic address: ., University of Rochester Medical Center, Department of Urology, Rochester, New York. Electronic address: ., University of Rochester Medical Center, Department of Urology, Rochester, New York. Electronic address: ., University of Rochester Medical Center, Department of Urology, Rochester, New York. Electronic address: ., University of Rochester Medical Center, Department of Imaging Sciences, Rochester, New York. Electronic address: ., University of Rochester Medical Center, Department of Imaging Sciences, Rochester, New York. Electronic address: ., University of Rochester Medical Center, Department of Urology, Simulation Innovation Laboratory, Rochester, New York. Electronic address: .

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