To compare the diagnostic performance between diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) parameters and mono-exponential apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) for determination of clinically significant cancer (CSC, Gleason score (GS) ≥ 7) in patients with histologically proven prostate cancer (PCa).
A total of 92 patients (mean age: 71.5 years, range: 47-89 years) who had been diagnosed as PCa and undergone 3 T-MRI including DWI (b values, 0, 100, 1000, 2000s/mm2) were included in this study. The DKI parameters, namely apparent diffusion for non-Gaussian distribution (Dapp) and apparent kurtosis coefficient (Kapp), were calculated by dedicated software using mono-exponential and diffusion kurtosis models for quantitation. The measurement was performed for a whole tumor after segmentation, and pathologic topographic maps or systemic biopsy results served as the reference standard for segmentation. To compare the diagnostic performance of each parameter for determination of CSC, pair-wise comparison of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves was performed.
The study population consisted of GS 6 (n = 18), GS 7 (n = 31), GS 8 (n = 25), GS 9 (n = 15) and GS 10 (n = 3) patients. The area under the ROC curve of Kapp (0.707, 95% CI 0.603-0.798) for discriminating CSC from non-CSC was not significantly different from those of mono-exponential ADC (0.725, 0.622-0.813, P = 0.2175) or Dapp (0.726, 0.623-0.814, P = 0.9628). Diagnostic predictive values of Kapp were estimated to a maximum accuracy of 78%, a sensitivity of 86%, and a specificity of 47%, while those of mono-exponential ADC were 75, 81, and 53%, respectively.
The DKI parameters showed a diagnostic performance comparable to mono-exponential ADC for determination of CSC in patients with PCa.
Abdominal radiology (New York). 2020 Sep 23 [Epub ahead of print]
Hyungin Park, Seung Ho Kim, Yedaun Lee, Jung Hee Son
Department of Radiology, Haeundae Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Haeundae-ro 875, Haeundae-gu, Busan, 48108, Korea., Department of Radiology, Haeundae Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Haeundae-ro 875, Haeundae-gu, Busan, 48108, Korea. .