Health disparities and inequities in the utilization of diagnostic imaging for prostate cancer.

To review and summarize the reported health disparities and inequities in diagnostic imaging for prostate cancer.

We queried the PubMed search engine for original publications studying disparate utilization of diagnostic imaging for prostate cancer. Query terms were as follows: prostate AND cancer AND diagnostic AND imaging AND (magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) OR computed tomography (CT) OR bone scintigraphy OR positron emission tomography (PET)-CT)) AND (inequities OR disparities OR socioeconomic OR race). Studies were included if they involved United States patients, had diagnostic imaging as a part of their care, and addressed health inequities.

A total of 104 studies were captured in the initial query with 17 meeting inclusion criteria, comprising 10 population-based analyses, 5 single institutional analyses, 1 multi-institutional analysis, and 1 review. Socioeconomic status and race were frequently associated with imaging utilization and guideline-concordant care. SEER analyses revealed that African-American men had higher odds of experiencing overuse of pelvic CT/pelvic MRI and bone scans, while older men experienced underuse. Higher income and younger age were more likely to receive imaging that was adherent to NCCN guidelines. African-American and Hispanic men were less likely than white men to receive prostate multiparametric MRI.

Race, age, and socioeconomic status play a significant role in the diagnostic management of prostate cancer. Certain demographics are more disparately affected and less likely to receive guideline-concordant care. Continued research and interventions are needed to ensure appropriate and accessible diagnostic imaging for prostate cancer and ultimately the delivery of quality and equitable care.

Abdominal radiology (New York). 2020 Aug 06 [Epub ahead of print]

Cyrus Washington, Curtiland Deville

Howard University College of Medicine, Washington, DC, USA., Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 401 N Broadway, Weinberg Suite 1440, Baltimore, MD, 21231, USA. .